Eat more, drink more, urinate more! Pets may have this disease
Eating too much and not exercising is not only a common problem among modern workers but also the increased risk of obesity and a series of diseases that have spread to pets in cities. But today we’re talking about something else. Eating and drinking too much is not a healthy condition: Diabetes!
Yes, cats and dogs can also get diabetes, which is characterized by increased water and urine consumption, increased appetite, but unexplained weight loss, usually accompanied by the following symptoms:
Obesity exacerbates the severity of diabetes. Therefore, if your pet is obese, you must pay closer attention to it to determine whether it is a normal fat person or a diabetic symptom.
2 weakness or fatigue
Diabetes can cause back muscle atrophy or hind limb weakness in cats. For dogs, diabetes can lead to tiredness, negativity, or lethargy.
3 Thinning or dry hair
Thin hair is a sign of many diseases, including diabetes. The coat is sparse, dry, and dry, especially along the back. It is best to take your pet to the doctor to determine the cause.
4 Cloudy eyes
The most common complication of diabetes in dogs is cataracts or clouding of the eyes. If not treated in time, it will lead to pet blindness.
5 Depressed, vomiting
Many ketone bodies in the body can lead to depression in pets. A late sign of diabetes in dogs and cats is ketoacidosis, a metabolic acidosis that breaks down fat and protein in the liver and reduces the body’s response to insulin.
Another common side effect of ketoacidosis is vomiting. Caution should be exercised if the pet vomits before being diagnosed with diabetes. Ketoacidosis is more common in older and female animals, as well as in dachshunds and small poodles. Naturally, I hope they can live a safe life. What can we do to avoid the difficult disease of diabetes?
1 Diet control
Proper diet control can reduce insulin consumption. For thinner pets, the total calories should be guaranteed, and the diet should not be excessively controlled. Obese people must strictly control their diet, especially to reduce the intake of high-calorie foods, such as meat. Increase the content of cellulose properly to promote intestinal peristalsis to reduce weight.
2 Guaranteed amounts of exercise
The practice has proved that the best measure to control blood sugar level is to increase the amount of exercise for diabetic patients. Exercise can improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin, enhance the affinity with receptors, reduce insulin consumption, reduce the excessive burden of islet cells, increase the use of muscle glucose, effectively improve glucose metabolism, and achieve the purpose of hypoglycemia.
What else can be done if the disease still appears in the pet? Treatments available:
Type I canine diabetes is treated with exogenous insulin and requires lifelong medication. Inject subcutaneously before feeding in the morning and evening. Because exogenous insulin can cause iatrogenic hypoglycemia, the dosage should be used cautiously. Type ⅱ and ⅲ diabetes mellitus can be treated by oral hypoglycemic drugs, which can reduce blood glucose by promoting endogenous insulin secretion and increasing the number of insulin receptors, but the effect is weak and slow.
2 Diabetes Monitoring
Always pay attention to the daily performance of diabetic pets, periodically detect the blood sugar value, carry out statistical analysis, and record the blood sugar curve, to make timely adjustments to the treatment plan. Prevent excessive insulin dosage from leading to unstable blood sugar and even hypoglycemic coma. Comprehensive indexes such as glycosylated hemoglobin, serum fructosamine, urine glucose, and ketone body were measured in time if conditions permit.